Jonathan Levin é torturado e morto por seu ex-aluno

Jonathan Levin é torturado e morto por seu ex-aluno


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Jonathan Levin, um popular professor de inglês de 31 anos, é esfaqueado e morto a tiros em seu apartamento no Upper West Side, na cidade de Nova York. Filho do presidente da Time Warner, Gerald Levin, Jonathan era conhecido por muitos como rico. Quando ele não apareceu para trabalhar, os investigadores vasculharam seu apartamento e encontraram seu corpo sem vida preso a uma cadeira com fita adesiva. O cartão do banco de Levin estava faltando em sua carteira e $ 800 foram removidos de sua conta na época em que ele foi morto.

A polícia soube pela fita da secretária eletrônica de Levin que Corey Arthur, um ex-aluno da aula de reforço de Inglês de Levin na William H. Taft High School no Bronx, ligou para Levin em 30 de maio para marcar um encontro. Aparentemente, Arthur e seu cúmplice, Montoun Hart, torturaram Levin com uma faca de cozinha para fazer com que ele lhes dissesse o código do cartão de débito. Eles ligaram o aspirador de pó e o aparelho de som para encobrir seus gritos.

Arthur, preso uma semana depois dos assassinatos, alegou pela primeira vez que estava no apartamento de Levin fumando crack quando dois outros homens entraram e o mataram. No entanto, sua história perdeu credibilidade no julgamento, quando suas impressões digitais foram encontradas na fita adesiva. Mesmo assim, Arthur negou ter puxado o gatilho do tiro fatal.

Arthur foi considerado culpado de assassinato de segundo grau e recebeu 25 anos de prisão perpétua. Hart, apesar de sua confissão assinada de 11 páginas, foi absolvido após convencer os jurados de que a confissão havia sido forçada a sair dele quando estava bêbado.


História e citações

Em 1880, o primeiro telefone público público começou a operar em New Haven, Connecticut.

Em 1958, Charles de Gaulle tornou-se primeiro-ministro da França com poderes de emergência em meio ao colapso da Quarta República. Ele foi eleito presidente da França no final do ano em meio à ascensão da Quinta República.

Em 1962, Israel enforcou Adolf Eichmann por sua participação na morte de 6 milhões de judeus pela Alemanha nazista na Segunda Guerra Mundial.

Em 1964, a Suprema Corte dos Estados Unidos proibiu as orações e o ensino da Bíblia nas escolas públicas com base na separação constitucional entre igreja e estado.

Em 1968, Helen Keller, uma autora e conferencista de renome mundial, apesar de ser cega e surda desde a infância, morreu em Westport, Connecticut, aos 87 anos.

Em 1973, o primeiro-ministro George Papadopoulos aboliu a monarquia grega e proclamou a Grécia uma república com ele mesmo como presidente.

Em 1980, foi ao ar a Cable News Network - CNN - o primeiro serviço totalmente jornalístico da TV.

Em 1993, o presidente Jorge Serrano Elias, da Guatemala, foi deposto pelos militares.

Em 1997, Betty Shabazz, a viúva de Malcolm X, sofreu ferimentos quando seu neto de 12 anos, Malcolm Shabazz, ateou fogo em seu apartamento. Ela morreu quase um mês depois.

Em 1997, o professor Jonathan Levin, filho do então presidente da Time Warner, Gerald Levin, foi torturado e morto por um ex-aluno que sabia que ele era rico e estava em busca de dinheiro. O estudante, Corey Arthur, foi considerado culpado de assassinato em segundo grau e condenado a 25 anos de prisão perpétua. Seu suposto cúmplice, Montoun Hart, foi absolvido apesar de uma confissão assinada de 11 páginas.

Em 2001, o príncipe herdeiro nepalês Dipendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev massacrou nove membros de sua família, incluindo seus pais, o rei Birendra e a rainha Aishwarya, seus irmãos, o príncipe Nirajan e a princesa Shruti e tias e tios, príncipe Dhirendra, princesa Shanti, princesa Sharada, Kumar Khadga e a princesa Jayanti. Dipendra também deu um tiro na cabeça, mas inicialmente sobreviveu e serviu como rei por quatro dias antes de morrer.

Em 2008, um incêndio no Universal Studios Hollywood queimou dois quarteirões da cidade e destruiu sets de filmagem icônicos, incluindo os de When Harry Met Sally, The Sting e Back to the Future.

Em 2009, o voo 447 da Air France, do Rio de Janeiro a Paris, mergulhou no Oceano Atlântico, matando todas as 228 pessoas a bordo.

Em 2015, o Eastern Star, um navio de passageiros que viajava ao longo do rio Yangtze da cidade oriental de Nanjing, capotou durante uma violenta tempestade, matando aproximadamente 400 pessoas.

Em 2020, policiais retiraram os manifestantes de Lafayette Square, perto da Casa Branca, usando gás lacrimogêneo e outras táticas para permitir que o presidente Donald Trump caminhasse até a Igreja Episcopal de St. John e posasse para uma foto enquanto segurava uma Bíblia. A oportunidade para fotos aconteceu em meio a protestos contra a morte de George Floyd pela polícia, que causou danos à igreja.


Ex-Aluno Detido na Matança de Professores de N.Y.

Agindo por telefone, a polícia prendeu no sábado um homem de 19 anos na tortura, assassinato de seu ex-professor, Jonathan Levin, filho do principal executivo da Time Warner Inc.

Corey Arthur foi preso na seção de Bedford Stuyvestant, no Brooklyn, disse o comissário de polícia Howard Safir em entrevista coletiva. Arthur, um traficante de drogas condenado, foi acusado de assassinato em primeiro grau e roubo.

Um suposto cúmplice, Montoun Hart, 25, também foi preso e acusado de assassinato em segundo grau e roubo, disse Safir. Hart tem um recorde de sete prisões, duas por roubo na cidade de Nova York.

O motivo do assassinato foi o roubo, disse Safir. Os investigadores acreditam que Levin foi torturado e forçado a revelar o número de identificação pessoal de seu cartão do banco, depois morto depois que seus agressores usaram o cartão para sacar $ 800 de um caixa eletrônico próximo.

A polícia soube do paradeiro de Arthur por meio de um interlocutor que aparentemente respondeu a uma decisão da polícia na sexta-feira de divulgar a foto de Arthur e oferecer uma recompensa de US $ 11.000, disse Safir.

Levin, 31, era um popular professor de inglês na Taft High School, no Bronx, e filho do presidente e CEO da Time Warner, Gerald Levin. Seu corpo parcialmente decomposto foi descoberto na noite de segunda-feira em seu modesto apartamento de um quarto no Upper West Side de Manhattan, depois que ele não apareceu para trabalhar.

Levin foi amarrado, esfaqueado e baleado na cabeça. Dinheiro, junto com o cartão do banco, estava faltando em sua carteira.

Safir se recusou a discutir os detalhes do caso, mas os investigadores acreditam que em algum momento da noite de 30 de maio, o assassino de Levin amarrou seus pés e mãos com fita adesiva e o forçou a revelar o código do cartão do banco esfaqueando-o repetidamente no pescoço.

Levin pode ainda estar vivo quando seu agressor usou o cartão do banco antes de retornar para atirar na cabeça dele e apunhalá-lo no peito, disse a polícia.

Como não havia sinal de invasão, a polícia disse acreditar que o agressor de Levin era alguém que o conhecia.

Arthur - um de um grupo de atuais e ex-alunos próximos a Levin - se tornou o alvo de uma caça ao homem depois que a polícia soube que ele havia deixado uma mensagem na secretária eletrônica de Levin no dia do crime. A polícia disse que ele deu seu nome e acrescentou: “Preciso ver você. É importante."


Jonathan Levin é torturado e morto por seu ex-aluno - 30 de maio de 1997 - HISTORY.com

TSgt Joe C.

Jonathan Levin, um popular professor de inglês de 31 anos, é esfaqueado e morto a tiros em seu apartamento no Upper West Side, na cidade de Nova York. Filho do presidente da Time Warner, Gerald Levin, Jonathan era conhecido por muitos como rico. Quando ele não apareceu para trabalhar, os investigadores vasculharam seu apartamento e encontraram seu corpo sem vida preso a uma cadeira com fita adesiva. O cartão do banco de Levin estava faltando em sua carteira e $ 800 foram removidos de sua conta na época em que ele foi morto.

A polícia soube pela fita da secretária eletrônica de Levin que Corey Arthur, um ex-aluno da aula de reforço de Inglês de Levin na William H. Taft High School no Bronx, ligou para Levin em 30 de maio para marcar um encontro. Aparentemente, Arthur e seu cúmplice, Montoun Hart, torturaram Levin com uma faca de cozinha para fazer com que ele lhes dissesse o código do cartão de débito. Eles ligaram o aspirador de pó e o aparelho de som para encobrir seus gritos.

Arthur, preso uma semana após os assassinatos, alegou pela primeira vez que estava no apartamento de Levin fumando crack quando dois outros homens entraram e o mataram. No entanto, sua história perdeu credibilidade no julgamento, quando suas impressões digitais foram encontradas na fita adesiva. Mesmo assim, Arthur negou ter puxado o gatilho do tiro fatal.

Arthur foi considerado culpado de assassinato de segundo grau e recebeu 25 anos de prisão perpétua. Hart, apesar de sua confissão assinada de 11 páginas, foi absolvido depois de convencer os jurados de que a confissão foi forçada a sair dele quando estava bêbado.


VERDITO DE CULPADO NA MATANÇA DO FILHO DE EXEC

Um júri condenou Corey Arthur, 20, por assassinato em segundo grau na terça-feira na morte por tortura do professor Jonathan Levin, 31 anos, filho do presidente da Time Warner, Gerald Levin.

Arthur, um traficante de crack em liberdade condicional e ex-aluno de Levin's, pode pegar 25 anos de prisão perpétua quando for sentenciado no mês que vem.

Arthur também foi acusado de assassinato em primeiro grau e enfrentou prisão perpétua sem liberdade condicional.

O júri de nove mulheres e três homens rejeitou a acusação mais grave por causa do depoimento da principal testemunha de acusação, Carlethia Weeks, ex-namorada de Arthur, que disse que Arthur confessou o assassinato a ela.

Anthony Ricco, um dos advogados de Arthur, declarou o veredicto e a vitória da cota para seu cliente. Mas ele também disse que foi uma & quot tragédia porque uma pessoa bonita perdeu a vida.

Os jurados começaram a deliberar na segunda-feira e, desde então, tiveram o testemunho de Weeks lido para eles duas vezes antes de chegar ao veredicto.

Weeks testemunhou no mês passado que Arthur disse a ela que havia & quot feito algo ruim & quot e que & quotado matou o professor & quot;

Mas no interrogatório, Weeks admitiu ter ouvido vozes durante o tempo em que Arthur supostamente confessou.

Levin, um popular professor de inglês da Taft High School em uma área pobre do Bronx, foi esfaqueado no peito e na garganta com uma faca e um tiro na cabeça em seu apartamento em Manhattan em 30 de maio de 1997.

Os promotores disseram que Levin foi torturado com uma faca e depois baleado por Arthur e um suposto cúmplice que queria a senha de sua conta bancária.

O corpo decomposto e amarrado de Levin foi encontrado três dias depois por amigos.

As impressões digitais de Arthur foram encontradas na fita usada para amarrar Levin. Além disso, o sangue nas roupas encontradas no apartamento da tia de Arhtur era compatível com o DNA de Levin, disseram especialistas que testemunharam em seu julgamento.

A defesa afirmou que Levin foi morto pelo co-réu Montoun Hart, que será julgado separadamente no próximo ano. Hart foi identificado por testemunhas como tendo ido a uma agência bancária próxima de Chase Manhattan e retirado $ 800 da conta de Levin.


Jurados condenam jovens pela morte de seu professor

Um ex-aluno de Jonathan M. Levin, de 19 anos, foi condenado ontem por assassinato em segundo grau em maio de 1997, no assassinato de Levin, um professor de ensino médio público do Bronx, em seu apartamento no Upper West Side. Mas, em um revés para os promotores, o júri absolveu o réu, Corey Arthur, de assassinato em primeiro grau, aparentemente não convencido de que o Sr. Arthur disparou o tiro fatal.

O Sr. Arthur pode pegar 25 anos de prisão perpétua. Se ele tivesse sido condenado por assassinato em primeiro grau, ele teria sido condenado à prisão perpétua sem liberdade condicional.

Levin, filho de Gerald M. Levin, presidente da Time Warner, escolheu ser professor de inglês na William Howard Taft High, no Bronx, em vez de viver uma vida de privilégios. Ele foi elogiado por seus alunos por dar a eles abnegadamente e por ter uma habilidade incomum de elevar sua auto-estima. Alguns de seus alunos exibiram uma placa no funeral do Sr. Levin & # x27s, declarando & # x27 & # x27Nós somos seus filhos. & # X27 & # x27

A mãe de Levin, Carol Levin, expressou desapontamento com o veredicto na noite passada em uma declaração emocionada.

& # x27 & # x27I & ​​# x27m não está feliz com isso, & # x27 & # x27 Sra. Levin disse. & # x27 & # x27Não há felicidade nisso. & # x27 & # x27 Ela acrescentou, & # x27 & # x27John não & # x27t ficaria feliz com esse veredicto. & # x27 & # x27

Os jurados deixaram o tribunal na noite passada sem comentar sobre suas 11 horas de deliberações ao longo de dois dias, mas parecia que eles rejeitaram o depoimento da testemunha principal de acusação e # x27s, Carlethia Weeks. A Sra. Weeks, ex-namorada do Sr. Arthur e # x27s, testemunhou que ele confessou o assassinato para ela.

Mas a Sra. Weeks admitiu sob interrogatório que ela ouviu vozes em sua cabeça desde que ela era uma criança e consultou um psiquiatra sobre o problema. Os promotores não comentaram se sabiam dos problemas psiquiátricos da Sra. Weeks & # x27s quando a colocaram no tribunal.

A decisão do júri significa essencialmente que os promotores provaram apenas que o Sr. Arthur e seu co-réu de 26 anos, Montoun T. Hart, cometeram um crime que resultou na morte do Sr. Levin - torturando-o até que ele lhes desse o código para seu cartão de banco e roubando-lhe $ 800. Mas eles não provaram que o Sr. Arthur matou pessoalmente o Sr. Levin. O Sr. Arthur também foi condenado por duas acusações de assalto à mão armada. O Sr. Hart será julgado separadamente por acusações de assassinato em segundo grau em janeiro.

Os veredictos de culpados provocaram aplausos de amigos da vítima e soluços de um amigo do acusado. O Sr. Arthur balançou a cabeça e murmurou para si mesmo quando os veredictos foram anunciados. Sua mãe, Penny Bostick, ficou imóvel e a atual namorada do Sr. Arthur e # x27 começou a chorar. Bostick disse que não tinha comentários sobre o veredicto.

Mas Levin, que falou pela primeira vez publicamente depois de comparecer a todos os dias do julgamento, elogiou a vida de seu filho e disse que seus alunos ainda ligam para ela por causa dele. Ela criticou os advogados de defesa por levantarem a questão do uso de drogas no julgamento. Eles sugeriram que as drogas podem ter sido a razão de o Sr. Arthur estar no apartamento do Sr. Levin naquela noite. Mas uma autópsia não encontrou drogas no corpo do Sr. Levin.

& # x27 & # x27Feria aqueles que amavam muito John ouvir as ficções de defesa sobre a vida dele & # x27 & # x27, disse ela. & # x27 & # x27John viveu uma vida nobre. Ele era um homem muito honrado. & # X27 & # x27

A Sra. Levin disse que seu filho vivia para seus alunos e não teria sido capaz de realizar o que fez na vida se tivesse usado drogas. Ela disse que ele deu abnegadamente aos seus alunos e que respondeu ao telefonema do Sr. Arthur no dia do assassinato porque essa era a sua natureza.

& # x27 & # x27Ele provavelmente ficaria muito desapontado com Corey Arthur, & # x27 & # x27 a Sra. Levin disse. & # x27 & # x27A única razão pela qual ele pegou aquele telefone foi porque ele não poderia & # x27 fazer de outra forma. & # x27 & # x27

Os advogados de defesa consideraram o veredicto uma vitória e disseram que precisavam aumentar o uso de drogas como parte da montagem de uma defesa adequada para Arthur. Os advogados de defesa atacaram a credibilidade de amigos de Levin, que testemunharam que ele fumava maconha ocasionalmente, mas não usava drogas pesadas.

O Sr. Goltzer se desculpou por qualquer dor que a equipe de defesa causou ao Sr. Levin e à família do Sr. Levin. & # x27 & # x27Se nós causamos dor a ela, é lamentável, mas foi inevitável, & # x27 & # x27 o Sr. Goltzer disse. & # x27 & # x27Tínhamos um cliente para proteger. Não saímos de nosso caminho para atacar agressivamente o sr. Levin. Ele era um bom homem e um bom professor, e o fato de ter usado um pouco de maconha não muda isso. & # X27 & # x27

Os promotores, que não comentaram os veredictos na noite passada, disseram durante o julgamento que Arthur foi ao apartamento de Levin para roubá-lo.

O assassinato de Levin levou alguns professores de escolas públicas a questionar o quão acessíveis eles deveriam ser para seus alunos fora da escola, e transformou o Sr. Levin em um símbolo do serviço público.

O Sr. Arthur foi aluno da classe de Inglês do Sr. Levin & # x27s na Taft High School durante o ano letivo de 1993-1994, e o jovem professor aparentemente tomou o jovem problemático sob sua proteção. Na época, pelo menos, os dois eram próximos.

Em uma nota de agradecimento manuscrita de duas páginas que o Sr. Arthur escreveu ao Sr. Levin em 1993, ele chamou o professor de seu & # x27 & # x27 verdadeiro e único amigo no mundo. & # X27 & # x27

& # x27 & # x27Você me mostrou que não há problema em intervir e ajudar alguém & # x27 & # x27 ele disse na carta. & # x27 & # x27Você me mostrou que nem todas as pessoas querem me usar e explorar. & # x27 & # x27

A nota concluía: & # x27 & # x27 Onde quer que eu vá na vida, devo isso a você e por isso sou totalmente grato. Também tenho sorte e fico muito feliz em chamar Jake ou John Levin de meu amigo. Obrigado. & # X27 & # x27

O Sr. Levin escreveu em um artigo para uma aula de pós-graduação que estava cursando na época em que o Sr. Arthur se mostrou promissor e que ler o bilhete do Sr. Arthur quase o levou às lágrimas. & # x27 & # x27Eu nunca conheci um jovem de 16 anos que passou e viu o que ele passou, e parece incrivelmente rude e intimidante por fora, & # x27 & # x27 o Sr. Levin escreveu, & # x27 & # x27e ainda , ele nutre alguns objetivos e aspirações positivas que não pode compartilhar com ninguém, porque a maioria de seus colegas os consideraria ridículos. & # x27 & # x27

Ele escreveu que seu relacionamento com o Sr. Arthur foi uma inspiração: & # x27 & # x27Assim, muito do que eu sou e o que quero fazer nesta vida, e profissão, gira em torno do que eu & # x27 estabeleci & # x27 & # x27 com ele.

Mas promotores e advogados de defesa pintaram retratos totalmente diferentes do que aconteceu em seguida em seu relacionamento. Os advogados de defesa disseram que os dois permanecem próximos e argumentaram nas declarações finais na segunda-feira que Arthur nunca teria matado seu ex-professor. Eles argumentaram que os cortes sofridos pelo Sr. Arthur na mão no momento do assassinato ocorreram quando ele tentou impedir um cúmplice de esfaquear o Sr. Levin.

& # x27 & # x27Não há nenhuma maneira na terra de Deus & # x27s que ele iria matá-lo, & # x27 & # x27 George Goltzer, um dos advogados de defesa do Sr. Arthur & # x27s, disse em sua declaração final. & # x27 & # x27Não há nenhuma maneira na terra de Deus & # x27s que ele o machucaria. & # x27 & # x27

Mas os promotores disseram que Arthur e Levin haviam se distanciado em 30 de maio de 1997. O ex-aluno aproveitou seu relacionamento anterior com seu ex-professor para conseguir entrar em seu apartamento. Duas vezes durante o julgamento, os promotores tocaram uma fita da secretária eletrônica do Sr. Levin & # x27s que gravava o Sr. Arthur ligando para ele às 16h55. no dia do assassinato.

& # x27 & # x27Mr. Levin, aqui é Corey, & # x27 & # x27 diz a voz na fita. & # x27 & # x27Pegue se você & # x27 estiver lá. É importante. & # X27 & # x27

Arthur e Hart foram visitar Levin, e os promotores disseram que o atacaram e o amarraram com fita adesiva. O professor foi torturado com uma faca, incluindo três cortes feitos em sua garganta, até que ele entregou o código de seu cartão do banco. Às 17h15, um homem identificado por uma testemunha como Sr. Hart sacou $ 800 da conta bancária do Sr. Levin.

Mas os promotores retrataram o Sr. Arthur como o líder dos dois. Suas impressões digitais foram encontradas no rolo de fita adesiva e em seu D.N.A. foi encontrado na faca usada para torturar o Sr. Levin. O sangue do Sr. Levin foi encontrado nas roupas do Sr. Arthur. Embora a arma que matou o Sr. Levin nunca tenha sido recuperada, os promotores argumentaram que o Sr. Arthur era o único com um motivo para matar seu ex-professor porque mais tarde ele poderia identificar o Sr. Arthur para a polícia.

Em sua declaração final, o Sr. Hurley apontou que o Sr. Levin levou um tiro na cabeça enquanto estava deitado de bruços no chão e que um pedaço de fita adesiva havia sido removido de sua boca. Ele especulou que o Sr. Arthur permitiu que seu ex-professor fumou um último cigarro, mas então forçou o Sr. Levin a se deitar com o rosto no chão antes de atirar nele.

& # x27 & # x27Um motivo para fazê-lo deitar, & # x27 & # x27 Eugene Hurley, o promotor principal, disse: & # x27 & # x27 você não & # x27t quer olhar para o rosto dele. & # x27 & # x27

Apesar da natureza terrível do crime, o julgamento não evoluiu para a luta livre que alguns temiam. Os advogados de defesa temiam que Arthur não pudesse receber um julgamento justo depois que o caso recebeu tanta publicidade.

No final, a imagem do Sr. Levin como um jovem professor dedicado permaneceu intacta durante o julgamento. Os advogados de defesa expressaram admiração por Levin, dentro e fora do tribunal.

A Fundação Jonathan Levin, uma organização sem fins lucrativos criada após o assassinato, criou um novo centro de mídia e campo de atletismo na Taft High School. Um bloco próximo foi renomeado para Jonathan Levin Way.

Do lado de fora do tribunal na noite passada, um amigo do Sr. Levin & # x27s que falou sob condição de anonimato expressou emoções contraditórias. Ele disse que ficou desapontado com o fato de o Sr. Arthur ter sido absolvido das acusações de assassinato em primeiro grau, mas disse que nenhum veredicto poderia mudar o que aconteceu.

& # x27 & # x27Ele & # x27s vai passar muito tempo atrás das grades & # x27 & # x27, disse ele. & # x27 & # x27Mas & # x27s não trará John de volta. & # x27 & # x27


A pena de morte é excluída na morte de Jonathan Levin

Robert M. Morgenthau, o promotor distrital de Manhattan, anunciou ontem que não buscará a pena de morte para o homem acusado de matar um popular professor de ensino médio, Jonathan M. Levin, durante um assalto em maio.

O assassinato de Levin, cujo pai, Gerald, comanda o conglomerado de mídia Time Warner, foi o oitavo caso potencial de pena de morte que Morgenthau considerou desde que o estado reinstituiu a pena de morte há dois anos. Em cada caso, o Sr. Morgenthau, um antigo oponente da pena de morte, optou por buscar uma sentença de prisão perpétua sem liberdade condicional.

No último caso, os promotores acusaram Corey Arthur, um ex-aluno do Sr. Levin & # x27s, de torturar e matar o professor para roubar seu A.T.M. cartão.

O assassinato, que ocorreu em 30 de maio, atraiu grande atenção tanto por causa da proeminência de Gerald Levin & # x27s quanto porque Jonathan Levin era um professor admirado por seus alunos e colegas professores da William H. Taft High School, no Bronx. O clamor gerou uma caça ao homem em toda a cidade que levou à prisão do Sr. Arthur e de um co-réu, Montoun Hart. O Sr. Hart enfrenta uma acusação de assassinato de segundo grau.

Desde que o estado aprovou a lei de pena de morte, o Sr. Morgenthau, que serviu como promotor distrital de Manhattan desde o início dos anos 1970 & # x27 e é talvez o principal promotor do estado & # x27s, tem sido observado de perto em busca de sinais de como ele aplicaria a lei . Apesar de sua oposição pessoal às execuções estatais, ele disse que considerará cada caso de assassinato de primeiro grau individualmente e buscará a pena de morte se for necessária. Por envolver acusações de roubo e tortura, o assassinato do Sr. Levin qualificou-se como tal.

Como tem feito consistentemente em outros casos potenciais de pena capital, Morgenthau se recusou ontem a explicar seus motivos para buscar a vida sem liberdade condicional. & # x27 & # x27Você não & # x27t discute em público os méritos e deméritos de seu caso, & # x27 & # x27 ele disse. & # x27 & # x27Temos um caso importante que devemos experimentar e, se dermos motivos que podem ser usados ​​pelo advogado de defesa, seria contraproducente. & # x27 & # x27

O assassinato é o segundo caso de pena de morte de alto perfil que Morgenthau lidou este ano. Embora tenha recebido grande cobertura da imprensa, o caso Levin não foi tão politicamente acusado quanto o assassinato do policial Anthony Sanchez, um policial condecorado morto durante uma resposta a um assalto à mão armada. O prefeito Rudolph W. Giuliani, o governador George E. Pataki e os sindicatos da polícia pediram que Morgenthau buscasse a pena de morte.

O governador, que agiu no ano passado para substituir o promotor distrital do Bronx, Robert T. Johnson, quando Johnson se recusou a buscar a pena de morte em outro assassinato policial, considerou nomear um promotor especial para o caso Sanchez. Mas depois que Morgenthau anunciou no mês passado que buscaria a vida sem liberdade condicional no caso Sanchez, o governador se recusou a intervir, dizendo que a decisão de Morgenthau foi baseada em uma análise profissional e não em uma filosofia pessoal.

Ontem, o governador disse que a decisão no caso Levin foi & # x27 & # x27 uma determinação profissional. & # X27 & # x27 No entanto, o governador Pataki disse que o Sr. Morgenthau & # x27s se opõe publicamente à pena de morte e sua decisão de não buscar pena capital contra oito réus, levou a & # x27 & # x27a preocupação que requer monitoramento cuidadoso de suas decisões à medida que são tomadas. & # x27 & # x27

Como em casos semelhantes, o Sr. Morgenthau discutiu o caso com a família da vítima, mas não deu mais detalhes. & # x27 & # x27Eles pediram que o conteúdo da discussão fosse mantido em sigilo e estamos honrando esse pedido, & # x27 & # x27 disse ele. O Sr. Morgenthau conhece Gerald Levin pessoalmente por meio do trabalho de caridade em que ambos participaram.

Por meio de um porta-voz, a família Levin não quis comentar ontem. & # x27 & # x27Este é um assunto muito pessoal & # x27 & # x27 disse Edward Adler, vice-presidente de comunicações corporativas da Time Warner.

Especialistas no sistema jurídico da cidade disseram ontem que Morgenthau, que foi reeleito na terça-feira com mais de 90 por cento dos votos, dificilmente buscará a pena de morte, exceto nos casos mais extremos.

& # x27 & # x27Não posso & # x27 ler sua mente, mas me parece que ele vai limitá-la a uma faixa estreita de casos, & # x27 & # x27 disse Chester L. Mirsky, professor de direito da Universidade de Nova York.

Gerald B. Lefcourt, presidente da Associação Nacional de Advogados de Defesa Criminal, disse que o Sr. Morgenthau estava bem ciente da dificuldade e das despesas envolvidas na execução de um réu. Em particular, disse ele, o promotor sabe que os casos de pena de morte desviam recursos de outras investigações.

& # x27 & # x27Este é um profissional & # x27 & # x27 ele disse. & # x27 & # x27Ele não está interessado em se tornar presidente, governador, o que você quer. Acho que ele toma suas decisões com base no que é melhor para o sistema de justiça criminal. & # X27 & # x27


Homem preso na apreensão de tráfico de armas no Brooklyn foi absolvido em 1997 pelo assassinato do amado professor Jonathan Levin no Bronx

Um homem uma vez acusado de torturar e assassinar uma querida professora do Bronx por causa de um cartão de caixa eletrônico em 1997 foi preso por dirigir uma quadrilha de tráfico de armas, disse a polícia - e a mãe da vítima não poderia estar mais satisfeita.

Um júri solidário salvou Montoun Hart de ir para a prisão pelo assassinato sensacional de Jonathan Levin, absolvendo Hart de torturar, esfaquear e atirar no professor de inglês do ensino médio em um assassinato descarado que chocou a cidade.

Levin - filho do então CEO da Time Warner Gerald Levin - foi torturado com uma faca para obter sua senha e morto em seu apartamento no Upper West Side em 31 de maio de 1997, antes que seu cartão do caixa eletrônico fosse usado para sacar $ 800 de um caixa eletrônico a três quarteirões longe.

O ex-aluno de Levin na Taft High School em Claremont, Corey Arthur, foi condenado em 1999 pelo assassinato. A mãe da vítima, Carol Levin, disse que sempre acreditou que Hart tinha uma mão na massa, apesar de suas negações emocionais.


Desfazendo um Assassino: As Perguntas Sobre a Matança de Professor Aluno 20 Anos Depois

Para alguém que está cumprindo pena de prisão por assassinato, Corey Devon Arthur é extremamente educado. Quando ele liga, sempre pergunta sobre minha esposa, e sempre o faz com uma solicitude sem pressa que torna a pergunta mais do que superficial. Quando o visito no Centro Correcional de Green Haven em Stormville, Nova York, ele avança ansiosamente em minha direção como se fôssemos velhos amigos prestes a compartilhar uma jarra de cerveja e xingar os Yankees enquanto eles perdem a vantagem. Nas conversas, ele usa frequentemente meu primeiro nome, que tem um efeito estranhamente cativante, quase paternal, embora tenhamos quase a mesma idade.

Arthur não se parece em nada com o atordoado jovem de 19 anos sendo levado para fora de uma delegacia do Brooklyn na primavera de 1997, seguido por detetives corpulentos em ternos ruins, as mãos nas algemas, o rosto fixo em uma expressão de desafio pungente e inútil. "Te peguei", disse a primeira página do New York Post. Em outra fotografia, ele parece o terror urbano feito carne.

Você conhece Corey Arthur. Quando os tablóides falam sobre bandidos, eles se referem a Corey Arthur. Quando as publicações mais sérias falam sobre os efeitos da desigualdade socioeconômica sobre os jovens negros, também se referem a Corey Arthur. Você o teme, admitindo ou não esse medo. Corey Arthur é um cara filho da puta assustador, ok? Ou foi. Ele está na prisão agora. Você não tem nada a temer.

"A bola para aqui", Arthur me conta sobre a culpabilidade pelo crime que cometeu. O governador de Nova York queria a pena de morte para Arthur, mas essa punição é uma raridade no estado de Nova York, a menos que a vítima seja um policial. Sua vítima era apenas um professor de inglês, seu professor de inglês, então ele pegou 25 anos de vida. Ele não está zangado ou dado à autopiedade. Arthur está onde pertence, e ele sabe disso. Quaisquer que sejam as injustiças cometidas contra ele, são insignificantes em comparação com as injustiças que ele cometeu, e ambos sabemos disso.

Mas há coisas que não sei, e são essas as coisas que me atraem até Arthur, que me obrigam a pegar o telefone enquanto troco a fralda do meu filho pequeno ou faço o lanche da minha filha pré-escolar. Por um lado, enquanto Corey Arthur diz ser responsável pela morte de Jonathan M. Levin, de 31 anos, ele afirma que não é culpado de assassinato. Esse pode parecer o tipo de justificativa que alguém inventa enquanto está definhando na prisão, mas Arthur insiste na fina distinção toda vez que eu pergunto a ele sobre o que aconteceu nas últimas horas de 30 de maio de 1997. Outros homens, diz ele, mataram Levin. Aqueles outros homens, cujos nomes ele não quis me dizer, não estariam lá a menos que Arthur os tivesse apresentado a seu amado professor de inglês. Mas eles são os verdadeiros assassinos, afirma ele.

"Eu não tinha intenção de roubar esse homem", Arthur me disse. "Eu não tinha nenhuma intenção de matar este homem."

'Trabalho policial desleixado'

Falei com pelo menos uma outra pessoa que estava naquele apartamento do terceiro andar na Columbus Avenue com 69th Street em uma noite de primavera há quase 20 anos: Montoun Hart, que foi preso como cúmplice de Arthur no assassinato, mas assinou uma longa confissão de que Arthur implicado. Hart foi posteriormente absolvido de todas as acusações e voltou a uma vida aparentemente sem objetivo. O pouco de sua história que Hart se dignou a me contar era, francamente, tão estranho que inadvertidamente deu crédito à versão de Arthur dos acontecimentos. Hart pode não ter nada a ver com a morte de Levin, mas depois de meu único encontro com ele, não tenho dúvidas de que, no que diz respeito a essa dupla, o homem mais confiável estava definhando na prisão.

Deixe-me ser bem claro: eu acho que Arthur é burro o suficiente para ligar para seu professor favorito, deixar uma mensagem em sua secretária eletrônica, ir para seu apartamento no Upper West Side com algum capuz aleatório que ele mal conhece (ou seja, Hart), tortura e matar Levin, usar o cartão do banco de Levin para sacar uma soma irrisória ($ 800) de um caixa eletrônico em um trecho movimentado da Columbus Avenue e então simplesmente ir para o Brooklyn, onde ele tinha que saber que os policiais o encontrariam antes do fim de semana?

Ao mesmo tempo, é possível que Arthur tenha, de fato, assassinado Jonathan Levin?

A evidência sugere que isso não só é possível, mas provável. No que diz respeito ao estado de Nova York, Arthur recebeu a punição justa por um crime que, além de qualquer dúvida razoável, ele cometeu. O sistema de justiça criminal, tendo feito seu trabalho, mudou há muito tempo.

Eu não tenho. Não tenho laços com as pessoas neste caso, exceto uma curiosidade de longa data sobre por que as coisas saíram da maneira que saíram. Não estou escrevendo como um cruzado ou um defensor, embora um bom jornalista geralmente seja as duas coisas. Part of my motivation in revisiting this case is the conviction that what remains unknown in it should not remain unknown. Here's just one example: I tried for many months to force the New York Police Department to hand over its file on the Levin murder. I called and wrote letters and had our company lawyer write letters, and in the end I got back nothing. For a case that had been closed for nearly two decades, such reluctance seemed strange. Or maybe not so strange, since accusations of "sloppy police work" were leveled during Arthur's trial. Is it possible that zealous detective work settled on Arthur too quickly, eager to close a case that terrified Manhattan?

Is it possible that a young black man from the depths of Brooklyn was not treated by the criminal justice system with all the solicitude he deserved?

This is also not only possible but probable.

The most important question is whether Arthur should go free. I make no pretenses to journalistic impartiality on this point: I have helped him contact appeal lawyers and have suggested steps he should take before his parole hearing, which is still years away. But I also know that Levin's parents are both living (both refused to talk to me on the record), and it would surely crush them yet again to have some journalist zonked out on Serial e Making a Murderer go for glory by trying to free the killer of their son.

Here's the thing, though, and I am going to lay it out very simply: Whether by the hand of Arthur or someone else, the only person who gave a shit about Arthur was killed. For this, Arthur deserved the years he has spent behind bars. Nobody disputes that. Yet he is now finally deserving of shit-giving (i.e., empathy). It took him a while to get there, but I believe he is ready to receive compassion without exploiting those who offer it.

For now, Arthur remains something less than a person. He is 98A7146, which is the identification number given to him by the New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision. After some months of visits and correspondence, I start to think of him as 98A7146, no longer needing to look up the number when visiting him or writing him a letter.

But Arthur is more than 98A7146, more than a murderer, more than the nexus of late 20th-century urban ills. He writes poetry. It isn't very good, but neither is most poetry written by people outside of prison. Here is one of his better verses:

My life is a rose
that forgot to blossom

This verse comes from a poem titled "Fucked Up."

He also draws, and his drawings remind me of the great Mexican muralists: sinuous and lush, dreamy but precise. I have been sending him information on how to publish a graphic novel. We both believe his life is rife with material for such an enterprise. He wouldn't even have to make much up: rapping with the Notorious B.I.G. when they were both just hungry scrappers from Brooklyn, getting whaled on by the cops of the famously corrupt 75th Precinct. A graphic memoir, maybe? Those things sell.

Arthur has been in one cell or another since June 7, 1997, when around 1:30 p.m., members of the New York Police Department descended on him in the Sumner Houses housing development in Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn. He was planning to escape to North Carolina. Now he was headed to Rikers Island, then upstate for prison, where he has been ever since. He will turn 39 in December, meaning he has spent half of his life in prison. The cell is his true natural habitat. He has never even used an iPhone.

Arthur spent a good deal of his 20s in Attica, the maximum security prison where bank robber Willie Sutton spent 17 years and where John Lennon's killer, Mark David Chapman, spent 31. "I love Attica," he tells me. "I became a man in Attica&hellip. The most basic parts of manhood I learned in Attica." There are very few people who will express fondness for a maximum security prison, but on a deeply uncomfortable level, 98A7146 is an example of the corrections system at its very best, for he has done significantly better when deprived of freedom by the state. He is much more informed, articulate and compassionate than the stoops and street corners of Bed-Stuy would have ever allowed him to be. I don't like having that thought, but few of my liberal verities are confirmed as I sit in the Green Haven visiting room, whose walls are lined with baby play cribs, watching Arthur eat a microwaved pizza slice and tell me how he'd love it if I could send him books about leadership. He likes to read history too.

Arthur knows that he will never escape the events of May 30, 1997. But since the state did not have him executed, he reasons, he has a responsibility to live, to be better and to maybe even be good. "The story ain't over," he says. "I'm still in the fight." I admire that, even if there is much about Arthur that I do not admire. This is a fight I want to join.

Interactive documentary: Choose your own path through "Undertow," a look at the relationship between Corey Arthur and his former English teacher. EXPLORE THE STORY

'He Only Talked About Getting Money'

It was one of those Fridays in late May when every New Yorker yearns to escape from Manhattan to the Jersey Shore, the Hamptons or the country, coolers packed, highways jammed, prayers whispered against the rain. Jonathan Levin, though, wasn't going anywhere. He had just finished another week of teaching English at William H. Taft High School in the Bronx the next morning, as his fellow Upper West Siders sleepily slunk out for brunch, he would be back at the school for a meeting of teachers trying to figure out how to deal with students on the brink of dropping out. And many had dropped out&mdashthe school's graduation rate was only 63 percent.

That night, the New York Yankees were playing the Boston Red Sox. I don't know what social plans he had, but it seems inconceivable that a lifelong Yankees fan such as Levin could have made any arrangements that didn't involve baseball's greatest rivalry. The Red Sox won the game, 10-4. Levin was probably dead well before the seventh-inning stretch.

A little after 5 p.m., there was a message on his answering machine. The caller announced himself as "Corey" while addressing "Mr. Levin." "Pick up if you're there," he said. "It's important."

Corey Arthur had been one of Levin's favorite students at Taft. Not the one with the best grades, not even one who showed up with anything like frequency. Yet there was some ineffable quality that convinced Levin that Arthur could be pulled from the sinkhole that awaited many of his classmates. "So much of what I am and what I want to do in this life, and this profession, revolves around what I've established" with Arthur, he had written in the fall of 1993 in a paper for his graduate program at New York University. In that same essay, he quoted from a thank-you note Arthur had written: "The most important thing you have taught me is how to live&hellip. Wherever I get in life, I owe it to you and for that I am eternally grateful. I am also lucky and most happy to call Jake or Jon Levin my friend."

During the 1993-94 school year, Arthur and Levin had become friends, enamored of each other's respective cultures. Levin loved rap, while Arthur was a real-life rapper. At some point, he started rapping as either "Dee Rock" or "Big C" (Arthur is unclear about the timeline, while news reports from that period are conflicting and, according to him, frequently wrong). He was also loosely affiliated with the crew that coalesced around the portly Bed-Stuy rapper named Christopher Wallace, aka the Notorious B.I.G. He says he also met Marion "Suge" Knight, the West Coast producer of rappers like Dr. Dre, though that appears to have come later. In any case, music became the bridge between teacher and student, between white Manhattan and black Brooklyn.

"That was the closest I've ever been with a white man," Arthur tells me.

In the fall of 1994, after a procession of drug-related arrests, Arthur was sent to a military-style prison on the shore of Lake Erie. He spent about seven months there, then returned to New York City. He got a high school equivalency degree, took some courses at Bronx Community College. The hustle beckoned, though, and soon he was selling crack again. "The only thing he talked about was getting money&mdashany way he could get money," an acquaintance would later tell O jornal New York Times.

Still, when Arthur appeared at the door of the third-floor apartment at 205 Columbus Avenue, Levin apparently welcomed him inside.

Levin did not show up for that Saturday morning meeting at Taft. On Sunday, a fellow teacher named Cleo Tejada left a message: "We're worried about you. Please call and let us know you're all right." There were also messages from another colleague, Karen Grayson. "Call and say something as soon as you come in the door," she urged. "Call."

After he failed to come to school on Monday, several teachers from Taft showed up that evening at Levin's building. For hours, they pleaded with people on the street to tell them something about their colleague. Nobody could tell them a thing. Finally, around 11 p.m., one of the teachers called the cops. Two officers showed up and had a neighbor, Richard Veloso, use a spare key to open the apartment.

Veloso went inside the one-bedroom, with the cops behind him. The television was on. It was tuned to NY1, the 24-hour news channel. On the floor between the narrow kitchen and the living area, Veloso saw a body. He thought it was Julius, Levin's 9-month-old German shepherd.

But as Veloso came closer, he saw that the shape on the floor was too big to be a dog.

'Aren't You Worried?'

I first learned about Levin a decade ago, when I was on the cusp of becoming a public school teacher. Back then, subway cars were plastered with ads for the New York City Teaching Fellows, a rapid certification program for people who were tired of their office jobs and thought that getting 30 kids to read The Outsiders would make life more meaningful. I was accepted into the Teaching Fellows in the summer of 2005 by that fall, I would have my own classroom. So dire were things that putting a 25-year-old barely able to do his own laundry in charge of dozens of children appeared a reasonable means of improving the city's public schools.

"So you're going to become a public school teacher?"

I was drinking coffee outside a fashionable bookstore in SoHo with an appropriately fashionable friend who had grown up a few blocks away and now lived in Paris and worked in either law or consulting. He made no effort to disguise his disapproval. To become a teacher was unacceptable and vaguely embarrassing. We had not gone to Dartmouth to baby-sit hopeless cases who wouldn't make it to the 10th grade. Altruism? Yeah, OK, but only as an afterthought.

"Aren't you worried you might end up like that teacher in the Bronx?" this friend asked with casual cruelty. I professed ignorance, which Google cured some hours later when I typed something like "Bronx teacher student killed" into the search box. The headlines that ran down the page captured the tragic essence of his story: "Bronx Teacher, Time Warner Head's Son, Is Slain," "Ex-Student Denies Killing Levin and Tells of Gunmen," "Letter by Defendant Calls Slain Teacher His Friend," "Murder Trial Examines Drug Use by Teacher." There were intimations of an affair with a married woman, as well as questions&mdashmany questions&mdashabout whether Levin had become too close to one of this students.

One could leave it there, chalk the whole thing up to one of those big-city tragedies that make people thank God for the suburbs. But the story stayed with me, as did the conviction that there was more to Levin than the tale of his demise. What seemed especially admirable to me&mdashas my classmates ascended the ranks of Goldman Sachs, earned their law degrees from Yale, published their first articles in magazines important people were rumored to read&mdashwas Levin's renunciation of the solipsism that marks the American coming-of-age experience. He wasn't selfish, bowled over by the complexity of the world, falling back into the prevailing "like, whatever" ethos of Generation X. Nor did he court the convenient outrages of that time, which were most frequently solved with T-shirts or bumper stickers: "Free Mumia," "Save Tibet." There were plenty of outrages waiting for him in the Bronx, right across the Harlem River, unsexy and forgotten.

Levin wanted to teach students precisely like Arthur that his street-wise approach worked on Arthur appeared to confirm Levin's hopes for what a good teacher could accomplish in a place like the Bronx. "I can't ever be a teacher who doesn't want to invest personally with my students," Levin wrote in his NYU essay about Arthur. "If that means giving them some of myself personally. then I have no problem with that."

"I might, actually, be doing something right," Levin said at the end of that revealing piece of writing. In my English class, I could have used this as an example of dramatic irony, or what Aeschylus called "the awful grace of God." Do you think grace can be awful? If not, why? Did you know that Robert F. Kennedy said those words upon learning that Martin Luther King Jr. had been assassinated? Do you know what the weirdest thing is about being a teacher? You have absolutely no way of knowing whether you are making a difference. You can keep on, as Levin did. Or you can go do something else, as I did.

Into the Fray

If you have ever watched HBO, you have Jonathan Levin's father to thank. The man responsible, however indirectly, for making sure you can enjoy Guerra dos Tronos was not exactly groomed from childhood for media moguldom. Gerald Levin descended from Romanian Jews who had come to the United States in 1907 and opened a grocery store in Philadelphia. He went to Haverford College, then the University of Pennsylvania Law School, from which he graduated in 1963. He worked at a white-shoe law firm in New York and, after that proved a bust, on an agrarian project in Iran.

In 1972, Time Inc. hired Gerald Levin to work on Home Box Office. Three years later, he figured out that transmitting HBO's signal by satellite, instead of via microwave towers, would give it a reach no other channel had. He thus became known as Time Inc.'s "resident genius," wrote journalist Nina Munk.

At the time his father reinvented HBO, Levin was 9 years old and living with his mother and two siblings on the north shore of Long Island, in the upper-middle-class town of Manhasset, close to where The Great Gatsby takes place. Levin's father had divorced his mother, Carol, in 1970, so Levin grew up in a comfortable but not posh household.

"I will be living in California, working as a wine taster for Ernest and Julio Gallo," Levin predicted in his yearbook as he graduated from Manhasset High School in 1984. He went to Trinity College, majoring in English and psychology. After graduation, he moved to New York City and started working for Access America, a travel insurance company. He did so for the next five years, spending off-hours with high school buddies, enjoying a Manhattan that was still a little wild and must have been an especially welcome playground in the wake of joyless Hartford.

He could have kept doing the young professional thing for years. There is nothing wrong with quietly profitable solidity, but Levin grew restless. "There's gotta be more to this," he would later tell Matthew Dwyer, who also taught at Taft and shared subway rides with Levin from the Upper West Side to the Bronx. And so, in the summer of 1993, he enrolled in a master's program at New York University.

Gordon Pradl, then a professor of education at NYU, remembers Levin bursting into his office, eager to get into the program so that he could start teaching in the fall. "I think that he realized that if he had some of these principles&mdashlike helping others&mdashthen staying in the business world was not his way of achieving that," Pradl says. "So he had to directly get into the fray. And that's teaching&mdashteaching was actually a logical direction given his talents and also the quickest direction. Because he was in a hurry. He was in a hurry."

'I Was an Asshole'

Corey Arthur was born in 1977, at the end of a year during which there had been a chaotic blackout in New York City, Son of Sam had gone around killing young women in the outer boroughs, and the whole city seemed to be floating ever further from the American mainland. The Yankees won the World Series, but all else was grim.

Arthur has a good memory, but it stumbles over the details of his life before prison, as if that were an ever-receding dream. He was raised by his mother and great-grandmother. Arthur had a half-brother and half-sister about whom he does not say much, other than that he is proud of them and understands why they don't make much room for him in their lives. "We lived from check to check," he says. "There wasn't no savings."

He remembers some of his teachers: Ms. Cohen, kindergarten, who had a son named Corey and gave him T-shirts bearing that name Ms. Eisenberg, third grade, in whose class he made butter. "I always liked school," Arthur says. "I never had a problem at school."

Middle school was "when the real problems started." He went to J.H.S. 302, a building on Linwood Street in East New York, Brooklyn, that could easily pass for a medium security prison. It was a bad school then it was a bad school until the spring of 2015, when it closed, cleaving into several smaller schools. Arthur recounts infractions like fighting and using the girls' bathroom. His first encounter with the police came when he was 12. He and some friends skipped school Arthur says cops from the 75th Precinct easily pegged them as truants, took them to nearby Highland Park and "roughed us up."

Once he got into real trouble, he kept getting in trouble. "The lines were drawn," Arthur says. In the summer of 1992, he was arrested for menacing a subway clerk in Brooklyn by trying to set his booth on fire. "It's not for me to say, but I would say he's a troubled kid," that clerk later told the Notícias diárias.

Arthur's assessment: "I was an asshole."

That fall, Arthur moved with his mother and her new husband to an apartment near Yankee Stadium&mdashand even nearer to the Bronx Supreme Court. He had been kicked out of Franklin K. Lane High School in Brooklyn, so now he went to William H. Taft in the Bronx, just a few blocks up the Grand Concourse, with its enormous apartment buildings recalling Moscow or East Berlin.

Arthur had Levin's class at the end of the day, eighth period, not usually a time when Arthur was in school. The two first met outside the classroom. "I was coming out of school a tad bit early," Arthur says, "and I think that he was coming back from a cigarette break. And we just happened to cross paths. And because I was leaving school early, I was scared, and I think he was kind of shocked to be seen smoking a cigarette, because the first thing he did was try and put it out. The first thing I did was look at him and start haulin' ass."

The next day, Arthur showed up in English class. He liked, at once, what he saw. Levin would open every class with a discussion of a quote from a rap song. "He had a thing for, like, conscious rap&helliprap mostly with a message," Arthur says. He adds that Levin "looked like a dork." This is said not pejoratively but with a kind of wistful affection.

A little later, Arthur saw Levin outside of class again. OK, let's see how cool this dude is, he thought. He took out a cigarette and began smoking it in front of his teacher. Nada aconteceu. He then tested Levin about his knowledge of Timberland boots. It quickly became clear that Levin knew more about Timbs than he did. He was a white guy down with black culture. Arthur, meanwhile, was a black kid with a curiosity about the white world. "He was like an anomaly to me," Arthur says. "And I was an anomaly to him."

But no amount of De La Soul or KRS-One was going to keep Arthur coming to school. Though nominally living in the Bronx, he was drawn to the streets of his native Brooklyn, where he ran what he calls "an unlicensed pharmaceutical." In the first half of 1994, the cops nabbed him for possession of heroin and selling crack, and that fall he was sent to Lakeview, a special brand of military prison that the National Institute of Justice described as employing "strict, military-style discipline, unquestioning obedience to orders, and highly structured days filled with drill and hard work."

Arthur says he did well during his seven months at Lakeview, but then he was out and back downstate, caught in familiar currents. At some point, he reconnected with Levin, who mentored his former student, though to hear Arthur tell it, they were more like friends. They played pool, drank beers, hit on girls. There was the time they walked from SoHo back up to Levin's apartment, bumming cigarettes along the way, and the time Arthur cock-blocked Levin with Amy, Levin's girlfriend. Arthur remembers all this as one might college escapades that involved a friend who couldn't make the 25th reunion.

Dwyer, Levin's colleague, recalls Arthur coming over to his house to watch a ballgame. He says Arthur was quiet and shy, the way kids often are around adults. Then again, Arthur was pretty much an adult himself. By the time he and Levin became friends, Arthur was long done with Taft. Dwyer points this out in defense of his slain colleague, who would later stand accused of getting too close to a student. Still, that won't assuage some who see little difference between student and former student. "It just seems inappropriate on a lot of different levels," education historian Diane Ravitch says of their friendship. "There's some lines you don't cross."

Killed by Modern Teaching?

"Jon could rap and he could write," says Dorothy Striplin, a retired educator who studied at NYU with Levin and got to know him well. "It wasn't like he was a white boy doing rap," by which she means his interest in rap wasn't of the ironic, half-mocking kind. As evidence of Levin's passion for the genre, Striplin showed me a three-page-long rap Levin wrote while at Oxford in the summer of 1994. Calling himself MC Jake (Jake was his nickname), he rapped:

An MC that can take me ain't been born yet
You see I'll make you laugh and I'll make you smile
Everyone out there wanna get with my style
Now I wanna tell you 'bout the rest of the crew
Recognize what I'm sayin' 'coz I'm a rhymin' Jew

Despite many references to hookups attempted and realized, as well as to the notoriously unpalatable cuisine of dear old England, the rap ends on a sentimental note free of the usual bluster:

The group was kind dope 'n' I'm kinda hopin'
That our hearts and our minds will always stay open

Much was made of Levin's affinity for rap after his murder, given that the culture war over gangsta rap was not yet quite over. Some saw in his approach a willingness to engage with the culture of the Bronx, but others saw it as pandering.

On June 25, 1997, The Wall Street Journal published an op-ed by a former teacher named Sylvia Christoff Kurop. It was titled "Killed by Modern Teaching?"

His was the jeans and T-shirt approach to teaching, whereby "The Great Gatsby" was taught with references to rap music at chairs arranged in a circle.

The point of teaching is not to fuse personal relationships, but first and foremost to maintain a professional role. Mr. Levin's brave and open approach to his students certainly made a prominent, positive impact on his adoring students' lives. Yet in the end it took just one student&mdashonly one&mdashto highlight the extreme risks of this teaching style.

She comes close to saying what others doubtlessly thought: He got what he deserved.

Two weeks later, on July 7, the Diário published several responses to the Kurop op-ed. One of them was signed by the English department of Taft:

Ms. Kurop is under the false impression that, in an effort to relate to his students, Mr. Levin lowered his classroom standards. This is absolutely untrue. One reason why Mr. Levin was such a successful teacher was that he continually held high expectations of his students and accepted nothing less than their best work. This is why they respected him.

Several other letters pointed out that Kurop taught only briefly, back when Dwight Eisenhower was in the White House. True enough, but she was not the only one to think harshly of Levin. o Notícias diárias called him "perhaps too trusting, too tenderhearted," and quoted a student: "People took advantage of him. Some kids would curse at him, but he would just laugh it off. Kids would ask to go to the bathroom and never go back to his class."

It must be said here that every teacher in New York City has had a student ask to go to the bathroom and not return. This is not the failing of a teacher it is the nature of a teenager.

Dwyer bristles at the suggestion that teachers like Levin were missionaries so zealous in achieving their social goals that they couldn't be bothered with the finer points of classroom practice. "It was a job," he says. "We were professionals, right? We weren't flying in and saving anybody."

'Elvis Was a Hero to Most, but He Never Meant Shit to Me'

Teachers occupy a strange place in American society, revered and reviled. It is a profession whose main benefit is widely believed to be summer vacation. I can report that this is indeed a great perk, though it doesn't quite make up for the many weekends grading five-paragraph essays on the theme of Antígona , of late afternoons, long after the final bell, trying to explain to some kid the ancient mysteries of the semicolon.

Once, while we were all sleepily preparing for first period, a kid from Bensonhurst climbed out on the scaffolding and threatened to jump. A teacher of Latin coaxed him down.

Another time, a former colleague called to say a student had been killed while walking home from a party in Bed-Stuy. Some jealous punk slashed her in the neck, and she bled out on the street. Her name was Kyanna Thomas. She was a good kid. They were all good kids.

Once, I read my students the great epigrams of the Roman poet Martial. Here is one:

Your lover and your spouse agree on this:
That baby that you got cannot be his

Is that any different than having your students parse Public Enemy, as Levin's may have? Is a classroom full of teenagers expending their fullest intellectual energies on decoding an epigram by Martial in any way different from a classroom full of teenagers expending their fullest intellectual energies on decoding "Fight the Power"?

I am suspicious of anyone who can confidently answer that question.

A Big Red X Over the Whole Thing

On the first floor of what used to be Taft is the Jonathan Levin High School for Media and Communications. The principal, Jacqueline Boswell, never answered my phone calls or emails (she must have sensed I wasn't coming to do a puff piece), so I simply went on my own, slipping past security without any questions at all. It is a despairing fact of life in modern America that being a crisply dressed white male will open almost any door.

Jonathan Levin High has the joyful, claustrophobic chaos of any urban high school. The teachers look harried the secretaries look bored. Some kid told me he liked my tie, and I had the urge to play the teacher again and ask him why he was tarrying in the hallway.

In a display case near the principal's office, there are several photographs of Levin, with his mother, his friends, always happy. An explanatory note calls him "Jonathan Levin HS," as if "high school" were a professional appellation like "doctor of philosophy." The poorly written paragraph, which is single-spaced but becomes double-spaced in the final lines, praises his "passionate devotion and professional commitment." It doesn't mention that he was murdered, though that is the sole reason the school bears his name. If I were still an English teacher, I would put a big red X over the whole thing and tell whoever wrote the unfortunate passage that it constituted an atrocity committed upon the English language.

That's how I spoke to my students. Most of them liked it.

Jonathan Levin High will soon be no more. When the closure was first announced, O jornal New York Times reported on what ailed the misbegotten place:

Money for a college scholarship in Mr. Levin's name dried up. A ball field that a Mets official helped pay for fell into disrepair. Computers sat untouched, applications to the school fell and the graduation rate sank to 31 percent, the fifth-lowest in the city.

One of the people who rallied against the closing was Levin's mother, Carol. She had, in the wake of his death, become a teacher in the Bronx, a parent venturing into the battlefield that claimed her son. "If I didn't try this, I really felt I'd just be taking up space," she told Good Housekeeping for a 2000 profile. "Me and my pain, taking up space on this earth." That sounds, to me, like something Aeschylus might have written.

Gerald Levin did not become a teacher, but he did not stay a media mogul either. His company's 2001 merger with AOL is widely regarded as one of the worst decisions in the history of corporate America. In 2002, he met Dr. Laurie Perlman, a psychic who communed with the dead. She told him she spoke with his son. He believed her. He left his second wife and moved to Santa Monica with Perlman, where they opened Moonview Sanctuary, which looks to be one of those places where rich people come to purchase the illusion of serenity.

When there were mass protests over the police killings of black men in Ferguson, Missouri, and New York's Staten Island, the Levins wrote a column for Deadline Hollywood. "We are in a never-ending cycle of chaos and death," they said. "Even if we must scratch and claw ourselves to get into the light, we must begin fully to comprehend the intransigence of old patterns."

This too deserves the big red X.

Jonathan Levin, for his part, would have probably taken his students to Staten Island, to stand at the spot where Eric Garner died and chant, "Black lives matter." And in the classroom, he might have played N.W.A's "Fuck tha Police," and the students would have talked about what that song meant, and about Birmingham, the Watts Riots, Ferguson and what those events said about us and about our country, sometimes glorious but frequently tragic.

'It's Always the Good People'

In about six years, Arthur will appear before the parole board. He has a decent disciplinary record and has earned certificates in trades like woodworking and metalworking, which could presumably be useful in the real world. He is especially proud of his legal research certificate. He is an AIDS counselor. As a former English teacher, I am happy to certify that his letters, composed with no apparent help, show a good-to-excellent command of grammatical rules.

Arthur has also shown the contrition expected of him by the state. His displays of regret are genuine, though they may also have a practical purpose (i.e., the eventual appearance before the parole board). In 2010, he asked the Manhattan district attorney to allow him to send a letter to Levin's parents. Levin's father accepted the offer his mother refused it. "Sir, I did you and your family a terrible injustice," the letter says. "Not a day passes that its crushing impact isn't impressed upon me."

But neither in that letter nor in any of our conversations does Arthur say the thing I am confident he will have to say if he wants to leave prison: I killed Jonathan Levin. Arthur does not want to talk to me about what happened on May 30, 1997, except to say this: "When I left Jonathan Levin, he was alive." Despite his circumspection, Arthur does have a narrative that challenges the one offered up by prosecutors. "[Levin] did something he shouldn't have done with someone he shouldn't have done it with," he says. During his trial, Arthur's lawyers argued that Arthur and Levin were smoking crack when assailants entered the apartment and ordered Arthur to bind him. Arthur now says he never smoked crack, neither that evening nor on any other occasion the notion of Levin smoking crack is equally ludicrous to him today. As far as I understand it, Arthur maintains that other men murdered Levin, with him acting only as an accomplice. But no such assailants were ever identified, while forensic evidence (blood on Arthur's clothes, fingerprints at the crime scene) proved convincing enough for the jury. The .22-caliber gun Arthur supposedly used was never found, but this turned out to be a surprisingly irrelevant detail.

I ask him to tell me about the real killers, but he refuses, citing the safety of his family and the code of the streets. "This is not my story alone to tell," he tells me in one letter. "I have every intention of giving full disclosure to the parole board when I appear before them. But other than that, my hands are tied."

When Arthur entered Levin's apartment that evening, with him was Montoun Hart, the small-time criminal from Brooklyn who says he came along without quite knowing what he was getting into. Later, Hart would sign his 11-page confession that portrayed him as an unwitting accomplice in the murder, which he'd had no idea Arthur planned to commit. He was acquitted of all charges partly because he claimed to be high and drunk when signing that confession. If that's the case, then can anything about his description of that night be believed?

Another question for which I don't have an answer.

"It's always the good people," Hart says of Levin, talking with me over the phone for the first time after I have told him of my interest in the case. This sounds disingenuous, like some lugubrious thing he has heard in a movie and saved for moments just like this.

Hart still lives in Brooklyn his Facebook page is rife with allusions to the Crips, though for Hart the C's are more a club for middle-aged dudes from Bed-Stuy than an active criminal gang. I met him and a friend named Skeet for drinks near the Barclays Center in Brooklyn. They were about two hours late. Skeet immediately started hitting on a middle-aged blonde, with no success. Hart disavowed all responsibility for what happened on May 30, 1997, spun a wild and increasingly unbelievable story of his life, then asked for money for an on-the-record interview. I paid for the drinks and never talked to him again.

Arthur and I speak by phone about once a week. He calls me when I am on a jog. He calls as I am plodding through The Cat in the Hat for the sixth time. He calls when I am in the hospital with my wife, who has just given birth to our second child. "Corey," I mouth to her. She understands: They don't really let you play phone tag from a maximum security prison. And I am going to keep talking to Arthur, not because I have any profound humanitarian impulse but because it would be cruel to take the story but leave the man, like a teacher walking out in the middle of a class.

I am certain about this: It would have been so much easier for Levin if he had just stayed in Manhattan, selling travel insurance. Such a life could be a good one, but it was not the life he sought to live. The Bronx beckoned, a battlefield where the glories are rare and muted, the defeats frequent and resounding. Nothing would be easy in the Bronx, but Levin had tired of easy things. So when the Bronx called, he went.


History & Quotes

In 1880, the first public pay telephone began operation in New Haven, Conn.

In 1958, Charles de Gaulle became prime minister of France with emergency powers amid the collapse of the Fourth Republic. He was elected president of France at the end of the year amid the rise of the Fifth Republic.

Em 1962, Israel enforcou Adolf Eichmann por sua participação na morte de 6 milhões de judeus pela Alemanha nazista na Segunda Guerra Mundial.

In 1964, the U.S. Supreme Court banned prayers and Bible teaching in public schools on the constitutional grounds of separation of church and state.

In 1968, Helen Keller, a world-renowned author and lecturer despite being blind and deaf from infancy, died in Westport, Conn., at the age of 87.

In 1973, Prime Minister George Papadopoulos abolished the Greek monarchy and proclaimed Greece a republic with himself as president.

In 1980, the Cable News Network -- CNN -- TV's first all-news service, went on the air.

In 1993, President Jorge Serrano Elias of Guatemala was ousted by the military.

In 1997, Betty Shabazz, Malcolm X's widow, sustained injuries when her 12-year-old grandson, Malcolm Shabazz, set fire to her apartment. She died nearly a month later.

In 1997, teacher Jonathan Levin, the son of Time Warner's then-chairman, Gerald Levin, was tortured and killed by a former student who knew him to be wealthy and was seeking money. The student, Corey Arthur, was found guilty of second-degree murder and sentenced to 25 years to life in prison. His alleged accomplice, Montoun Hart, was acquitted despite a signed, 11-page confession.

In 2008, a fire at Universal Studios Hollywood burned two city blocks and destroyed iconic movie sets, including those from When Harry Met Sally, The Sting and Back to the Future.

In 2009, Air France Flight 447 from Rio de Janeiro to Paris plunged into the Atlantic Ocean, killing all 228 people on board.

In 2015, the Eastern Star, a passenger ship traveling along the Yangtze River from the eastern city of Nanjing, flipped during a violent storm, killing approximately 400 people.

In 2019, an early penalty goal by Mohamed Salah and a strike in the final minutes by substitute Divock Origi gave Liverpool a 2-0 win over Tottenham Hotspur in the Champions League final.


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Comentários:

  1. Ratib

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  2. Malagigi

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  4. Abdul-Rafi

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